Cao Bang – Guangxi Transboundary Corridor Pilot Site, Viet Nam and PR China (2009 onwards)

This  pilot site aims to enhance biodiversity connectivity between Bangliang Nature Reserve in Jingxi County of Guangxi Province and the adjacent Trung Khanh Nature Resrve in Cao Bang Province, Viet Nam. The establishment of a transboundary biodiversity corridor, with a protected core zone and sustainable use zone with agriculture, will provide an optimal habitat for wildlife, as well as the co-existence of human beings.

Of particularly importance is the forest area straddling the Phong Nam and Ngoc Khe Communes in Trung Khanh District, on the border with PR China, which is home to 26 Cao Vit gibbons – one of the rarest apes in the world. It is hoped that restoration efforts within the corridor can expand the area of habitat for this critically endangered species.

In Cao Bang, Viet Nam, the pilot site covers three communes with 28 villages. The available agricultural area is low and living conditions for farmers are difficult. The number of poor households is high compared to the national average (27% versus 9.45%).

In Jingxi, Guangxi, the pilot site covers three towns and includes 14 villages. Residents within the pilot site are mainly engaged in agriculture and forestry production activities and the level of economic development is low.

Poverty reduction efforts have begun in both Jingxi and Cao Bang with the completion of participatory rural appraisals to identify livelihood development options. Preparations are now underway to establish village revolving funds/commune development funds in the BCI site on both sides of the border.

Following a detailed analysis of satellite images and topographic maps, the corridor design has been completed, while biodiversity and land use surveys have also been undertaken. An agreement has been signed by the relevant authorities in Cao Bang and Guangxi to cooperate on the cross-border management of important habitats of the Cao Vit gibbon.

Under CEP (2012–2016), the emphasis at the Cao Bang-Guangxi site will be on restoring, protecting and sustainably managing biodiversity corridors through community participation. This will include incentivizing communities to participate in forest protection and restoration, while also reducing their dependency on forest resources through alternative livelihood activities.

Work will also focus on developing protection and sustainable use policies, guidelines and local regulations for enforcing biodiversity corridor management plans and capacities to achieve this.

The Guangxi aspect of the project is implemented by the Guangxi Environmental Protection Department, under PR China’s Ministry of Environmental Protection, while Cao Bang activities are led by Viet Nam’s Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment.

To learn more about this pilot site, read the Biodiversity Corridors Initiative 2006–2011 Report.

Image: Cao Vit gibbon - Credit: Zhao Chao, FFI

Publish Date: 11th May 2012

Last Updated: 25th May 2015

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12th February 2018

This video introduces how green freight approaches can provide environmental and economic win-wins for the transport sector in the GMS.

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Guangxi Project Brief - Biodiversity Landscape and Livelihood

2nd March 2018

The GMS Core Environment Program (CEP) has been working with China's Guangxi Environmental Protection Department (GEPD) since 2006 to pilot biodiversity conservation initiatives in the Sino-Viet Nam Transboundary Biodiversity Landscape (TBL).

With its unique and vast karst formations, spread out across more than 40% of its land surface, the biodiversity conservation corridor pilot sites are located in southwest Guangxi stretching down to the borders of Viet Nam. CEP has supported the two environment agencies of Cao Bang and Guangxi provinces achieve significant restoration and conservation of the limestone forest and biodiversity in the region as well as the ecological integrity of gibbon habitats.

The brief entitled “Guangxi’s Biodiversity Landscape & Livelihood Project” entails the origin of the project, and milestones of the biodiversity landscape and corridor management, including key community-based conservation practices that improve ecosystem integrity and the living condition of surrounding communities, provincial support unit, strengthened transboundary cooperation on biodiversity conservation, and project outlook.      

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