International Forum on Sustainable Infrastructure: Integrating Climate Resilience and Natural Capital into Transport Infrastructure Planning and Design

Ha Noi, Viet Nam 17 to 18 May 2017

A forum for decision makers and experts to deliberate and draft guiding principles for planning, designing and financing climate-resilient and ecologically sound transport infrastructure.

The Key Issues

The pace of global infrastructure investment is accelerating dramatically. For transport infrastructure alone, 25 million kilometers of roads will be added by 2050 – with 90% in Africa, Asia and Latin America. In the Asia-Pacific region this translates to about $8.3 trillion dollars of transport infrastructure investments projected between 2016 and 2030. 

This connective transport infrastructure, as well as other forms of ‘linear’ infrastructure such as energy networks and water supply systems – move people, goods, water and power and are essential for an efficient functioning economy. 

But, how can we ensure that the quality and viability of this infrastructure is secure over the long term? Linear infrastructure plans and sustainability cannot be at cross purposes, as environmental degradation and climate impacts will lead to costly bottlenecks, delays and project cancellations – increasing risk and decreasing ‘bankability’ of investments.

In addition, most nations have agreed on targets for sustainability through their commitments to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), the Paris Agreement on Climate Change, the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), and the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction. These include the need for resilient, ‘low carbon’ and ecologically sensitive infrastructure that will not erode the welfare of current and future generations, or the productivity and stability of the planet’s natural systems. 

The Five Forum Themes

These themes will support the preparation of “guiding principles” for integrating climate resilience and natural capital into transport planning, design and finance.

  1. Designing ecologically sensitive transport infrastructure: Capitalizing on opportunities and addressing constraints generated by biodiversity and ecosystem services.
  2. Integrating disaster risk reduction and climate change: Assessing risks and benefits, resilient and low-carbon approaches, and the use of natural infrastructure.
  3. Facilitating finance: De-risking and promoting climate-friendly, environmentally sustainable and ‘bankable’ projects to attract institutional investors.
  4. Improving options with better planning: Integrating natural capital and climate into spatial and strategic planning to increase opportunities for multiple benefits.
  5. Strengthening the enabling environment: Policies, laws and regulations to reduce environmental risks and increase incentives for sustainable infrastructure investing.  


The forum is co-organized by the Asian Development Bank, the World Wildlife Fund, the Viet Nam Institute of Strategy and Policy on Natural Resources and Environment, and the Greater Mekong Subregion Environment Operations Center. 

Forum materials including the application form, the agenda, and workshop presentations will be uploaded to this page when available.


File Name Size Modified
Sustainable Infrastructure ​- Forum Briefer.pdf 1 MB 14-05-2017
Sustainable Infrastructure ​- Forum Concept Note.pdf 2 MB 16-05-2017
Sustainable Infrastructure ​- ForumAgenda.pdf 570 KB 16-05-2017
Background Reading Resources.pdf 108 KB 08-05-2017
1.Keynote​-Infrastructure​-Tsunami​-W.Laurance.pdf 4 MB 22-05-2017
2.Tradeoff​-Roads​-L.Mandle .pdf 3 MB 18-05-2017
3.Investing​-Natural​-Capital​-Sustainable​-Transport​-Vietnam​-K.Ngoc.pdf 4 MB 18-05-2017
4.Case​-Study​-Chitwan​-National​-Park​-Nepal​-A.Acharya.pdf 3 MB 18-05-2017
5.Case​-Study​-Pasto​-Mocoa​-Road​-Colombia​-G.Gonzales.pdf 5 MB 18-05-2017
6.Measuring​-Infrastructure​-Impacts​-India​-V.Mathur.pdf 4 MB 18-05-2017
7.Mitigating​-Infrastruture​-Impacts​-India​-D.Ghose.pdf 4 MB 18-05-2017
8.Wildlife​-Mitigation​-Transport​-Infrastructure​-South​-Asia​-K.Yangzom.pdf 5 MB 18-05-2017
9.Wildlife​-Friendly​-Infrastructure​-Global​-Best​-Practice​-R.Van.der.Ree.pdf 8 MB 18-05-2017
10.Bioengineering​-Case​-Studies​-Vietnam​-J. Reid.pdf 4 MB 22-05-2017
11.Green​-Infrastructure​-Programs​-Catchment​-Planning.M.Francey.pdf 5 MB 18-05-2017
12.Green​-Approaches​-Sustainable​-Infrastructure​-J.Howell.pdf 5 MB 18-05-2017
13.Infrastructure​-Disasters​-Reconstruction​-Planning​-M.Hettiarachchi.pdf 2 MB 18-05-2017
14. Environmental​-Social​-Governance​-B.Weber.pdf 186 KB 19-05-2017
15.Sustainable​-Infrastructure​-Key​-Aspects​-D.McCauley.pdf 19 KB 19-05-2017
16.PPP​-Insurance​-Initiatives​-T.Kessler.pdf 2 MB 19-05-2017
17.ESG​-Thought​-Leaders​-Credit​-Agencies​-P.Dass.pdf 1 MB 19-05-2017
18.Blending​-Finance​-Sustainable​-Development​-A.Mehta.pdf 692 KB 19-05-2017
19.System​-Level​-Planning​-A. Deutz.pdf 3 MB 19-05-2017
20.Natural​-Capital​-Roads​-L.Mandle.pdf 7 MB 19-05-2017
21.RIMBA​-Landscape​-Sumatra​-Barano.Siswa.pdf 3 MB 19-05-2017
22.Infrastructure​-Impact​-Uncertainty​-A.Kelly.pdf 3 MB 19-05-2017
23.Derisking​-Infrastructure​-Projects​-H.Rainey.pdf 4 MB 19-05-2017
24.Strengthening​-Enabling​-Environment​-Green​-Solutions​-S.Sandhu.pdf 3 MB 19-05-2017
25.Global​-Infrastructure​-Based​- J.Jurik.pdf 596 KB 19-05-2017
26.USAID​-Sustainable​-Transport​-Mekong​-A. Nakatsuma.pdf 159 KB 19-05-2017
27.Next​-Steps.pdf 1 MB 19-05-2017

See more content: GMS General Events

See also

Video: Environmental Cooperation in the GMS

5th February 2018

Government and development partners talk about the importance of regional environmental cooperation in the Greater Mekong Subregion, with a focus on the GMS Core Environment Program. The film was launched at the Fifth GMS Environment Ministers' Meeting in Chiang Mai, Thailand, on 1 February 2018.

More details

Managing Industrial Pollution in the Greater Mekong Subregion

15th March 2018

After centuries of agricultural dependence, GMS countries have pursued industrialization in recent decades. As a result, their economies are now more diversified and consumer-driven. Although this has brought many socioeconomic benefits, it has created pollution problems, which are worsening.

More details
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